What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is very common, but it is important to take care of. Periodontal disease is just a more difficult way to say gum disease.

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What is Periodontal Disease?

Gingivitis is the early stages of periodontal disease. If you have gingivitis, you may not experience any pain but there are other symptoms you might notice. Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth, slightly puffy gums, and bad breath can all be signs that you have gingivitis. Often, brushing and flossing coupled with regular dental visits are enough to stave off gingivitis. However, if you are following this routine and notice gingivitis appearing it is worth a call to your dentist in order to get their advice on stemming the further progression of periodontal disease. Sometimes, your dentist may need to do a comprehensive cleaning to get rid of the plaque and tartar that can build up on your teeth, allowing bacteria to get into the gums.

Gingivitis is easily reversible, but if not taken care of, you might find yourself dealing with the later stages of periodontal disease which can require more serious treatment than a dental cleaning.

Periodontitis follows untreated gingivitis, and according to the American Dental Association (ADA), over 40 percent of Americans over age 30 have chronic periodontitis. In this stage of periodontal disease the plaque gets beneath the gum line, allowing bacteria to fester and causing inflammation, which in turn causes tissue and bone to be destroyed. Because this tissue and bone support your teeth, you might feel your teeth loosening if you have periodontitis. If you notice this occurring, call your dentist. While they may not be able to reverse damage, they can help treat any pain and can take measures to slow the progression of periodontitis.

People who smoke, take certain medications, have diabetes or certain other illnesses are more susceptible to periodontal disease. Additionally, stress can be a contributing factor to periodontal disease because of its overall effect on the body's immune system. Whether you have these risk factors or not, you should be brushing your teeth twice daily, flossing once daily, and seeing your dentist twice a year for cleanings. Those steps, along with any other instructions your dentist has given you, can help keep periodontal disease at bay and your teeth looking and feeling healthy.

Sources: 

  • American Dental Association
  • American Academy of Periodontology
  • Colgate  

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